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Public speaking: our tips and techniques

Contrary to popular belief, the best speakers are the most prepared. Their speech is fluid, they connect ideas spontaneously, they carry you along in their thought process with ease. But this oral fluency and this charisma would not be possible without preparation.

1. Structure your written thinking to speak well in public

For successful public speaking, it is essential to prepare the substance of your speech first.

To help you structure your speech, here are four tips to follow:

Identify your objective and your target: you have to keep in mind the message you want to convey, and to whom. This will allow you to be as impactful as possible during your speech. Write your plan: It is important that this plan be as detailed as possible to avoid losing the thread of your presentation along the way. In particular, refine the introduction (the subject of your talk, your method and your plan) and the conclusion (key ideas and follow-up), the best remembered elements of a presentation. For the rest, just write a few keywords on a sheet. Avoid long sentences in your notes: this will help you avoid the temptation to read or recite them. Illustrate your words: your speech will thus become lively and well-argued. Plan a range of concrete examples. If you use audiovisual aids, check beforehand that you are familiar with the material. And don’t forget that these supports (Keynote, Powerpoint, videos…) are used to illustrate your point, and not to replace it. Anticipate interactions with your audience: The goal of your speaking engagement is to spread a message and convince your audience. Think about possible adjustments to your speech: if you see signs of boredom in the assembly, for example, you can shorten a part or bring up an anecdote. In your preparatory work, imagine the audience’s questions and the answers you might give to them.

2. Prepare for oral skills to be successful in public speaking

Once the content is ready, it is a question of planning everything that concerns the transmission. And since you are the vector of communication, it is on you that the proper reception of the message depends.

In other words, a successful public speaking is not a controlled speech but a speech that captivates the audience. To do this, work on the form of your speaking is essential.

Here are the three levers that will allow you to speak well in public:

Work on your voice: adopt the right level of voice, with good diction (make sure you articulate well). If your voice does not carry, plan to equip yourself with a microphone. Work on the rhythm: your flow is also a point to work specifically when preparing for a public speaking. Speaking too fast loses the audience, speaking too slowly lulls it to sleep. It is therefore necessary to adjust your flow, and to introduce variations during the speech to revive the attention. Work on non-verbal language: posture, anchoring in the ground, use of the hands during the presentation of an idea, visual communication are all elements of non-verbal communication that reflect your level of ease. However, the more the non-verbal is mastered, the more you will be able to capture the attention of your audience. Conversely, if you constantly swing from one foot to the other during your speech, your interlocutors may be distracted by the visual message.

Any phase of preparing for a speech requires oral training, to simulate the speech to come. This is the only way to verify the correct structure of your speech.

At this stage, you may also be able to correct repetitions, difficult-to-pronounce words, or the need to introduce examples into a demonstration.

3. Time your public speaking

Before jumping into the arena, it’s important to know how long you will be speaking. Not too long, not too short, everything must be mastered to avoid missteps on D-Day.

This preparation phase allows you to validate the duration of your speaking session. Indeed, the time for an oral intervention is often underestimated. However, mastering this parameter is an integral part of the professional dimension of public speaking.

? TedX conferences are a good illustration on this point: 18 minutes are given to each speaker, and not one more.

4. Prepare before you speak in public

Your public speaking is approaching, here are four tips to apply just before you start to prepare for your public speaking:

Reread yourself: it is important to reread one last time before the public speaking to visualize your plan and your keywords. Repeat the important elements: in particular your introduction and your conclusion. , command to broadcast your PowerPoint…). Breathe calmly to manage stress and relax: take a deep breath to start your speech in a relaxed manner.

5. Make your public speaking on D-Day stress free.

That’s it, it’s up to you! The big day for you to speak has arrived. Forget the stress, you have perfect control over your speaking skills. Content, form and duration, nothing is left to chance!

To succeed in your public speaking, it is essential to make sure on D-Day to follow certain last rules.

Here are 8 tips to apply when speaking in public:

Avoid reading your notes or reciting your speech: too focused, you will forget to establish essential interactivity with your audience. Adopt the right pace of speaking: neither too fast nor too slow. Work on intonations: set tone in important parts Use body language: to reassure your audience. Bet on visual exchange: you will be able to check the level of attention and create an interaction with your interlocutors. Adopt the codes of storytelling (anecdotes, stories) to make an impression. Create proximity: for this you can play on humor or surprise. Arouse curiosity: it may be interesting to appeal to Simon Sinek’s Golden Circle methodology: instead of constructing your speech by successively answering the questions “What?” How? ‘Or’ What ? Why ? », Generate support by organizing your speech around:« Why? How? ‘Or’ What ? What ? “.

? Public speaking: a key skill for managers!

Knowing how to speak in public is a key skill for managers, and more generally for executives. For most executives, oral communication is one of the skills screened in annual appraisals. Inaptitude in this area can also be detrimental to career development.

Knowing how to speak in public has many advantages for executives:

Of course, companies take care to harden their troops in the matter, with strength, training and internships. But while waiting for the precious session that is supposed to help you conquer your shyness, it is always useful to remind yourself of the few basic rules mentioned above.

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